Blue-collar Iranians also want a higher pay and a way to address the nation's widespread problem of unemployement, global media reported.
"We warn the U.S. against attempts to interfere in the internal affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran", Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told the state news agency Tass on Thursday.
"The Iranian situation did not pose a threat to global peace and security, and discussing its domestic situation is not part of the Council's responsibilities as outlined in the Charter", he said.
At the forefront of resistance to the Islamist mullahs' bloody crackdown on pro-democratic protesters are U.S. Ambassador to U.N. Nikki Haley and Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin.
How does America proclaim herself a friend of the Iranian people if we are trying to persuade Europeans to abrogate the nuclear accord and reinstitute the sanctions that impoverish the Iranian people?
U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley argued the unrest could escalate into full-blown conflict and drew a comparison with Syria.
Haley said Friday that "the world should applaud their courage", and the USA "stands unapologetically with those in Iran who seek freedom for themselves".
"The Iranian regime is now on notice: the world will be watching what you do", Haley told an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council on the situation in Iran.
The meeting was a defeat for USA diplomatic interests as countries in the Security Council defended the principles of sovereignty and non-interventionism.
However, the Russian representative Vassily A Nebenzia agreed with Iran and said USA is abusing the platform of the Security Council.
"The Iranian people are rising up in over 79 locations throughout the country", Haley said. Envoys from several other countries, from China to newcomer Equatorial Guinea, expressed reservations about whether the council was the right forum for the issue.
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Asked if Labour then agreed with Iran's Republican Guard, who claim the protests are "being stirred up by foreign influence", he said: "I think we have to be very careful here".
British Ambassador to the UN, Matthew Rycroft, refuted the Iranian allegations and said that no one is forcing Iran onto their agenda.
Many observers are asking why protesters chose this period to demonstrate. Large pro-government rallies have been held in response, and officials have blamed the anti-government unrest on foreign meddling. We will not be quiet.
However, France's United Nations ambassador Francois Delattre argued that the protests don't threaten global peace and security, saying: "We must be wary of any attempts to exploit this crisis for personal ends". "We must be wary of any attempts to exploit this crisis for personal ends, which would have the diametrically opposed outcome to that which is wished".
"This is nothing but another desperate attempt by the U.S. administration to escape, as it has lost every shred of moral, political and legal authority and credibility in the eyes of the whole world", he said.
Khoshroo said Iran has "hard evidence" that violence is being directed from overseas, and went on to describe recent instances in which foreign citizens have incited violence in Iran.
U.S. President Donald Trump has voiced encouragement for the anti-government protesters.
The president's tweets have not called for violence or disruptive acts, but he has commended them. He also has described Iran as "failing at every level" and declared it is "TIME FOR CHANGE!"
"The UNSC rebuffed the US' naked attempt to hijack its mandate".
In a second statement on January 1, Rouhani plays down the protests as "nothing" and insists the Iranian people will "respond to rioters and lawbreakers".